As a football player you need to understand some of the rules of the game of football that has been created by FIFA as world football regulatory body. In accordance with its history, this rule was made to avoid horseplay that tend brutal as happened in the UK. I will explain the seventeenth rules issued by FIFA as the “Laws of the Game” below.
SOCCER GAME OFFICIAL RULES ISSUED FIFA
- Football Field
According to the rules of the game of football FIFA, football games should be carried out in official field has a length of between 100 and 130 yards / about 90-120 meters. While the field width between 50 and 100 yards / 45-90 meters. The size of a football field has been adjusted by the amount of players that is 11 people per team, and the football game performed by two teams.
- Regulation of the Use of Ball
The ball is important in the world of football, in the official rules girth ball must not be more than 28 inches / 70 centimeters and should not be less than 27 inches / about 68 cm. There are 5 types of balls with karkteristiknya types, namely:
The ball size 5:
Typically used by soccer players aged 12 years or above and girth 68-70 cm and a weight of 14-16 oz (410-450 grams).
The ball size 4:
Typically used by players aged 8-12 years with a ball circle between 25 -26 ins (64-66 cm) and weighing 12-13 oz (340-468 grams)
The ball size 3:
Typically used by players younger than 8 years old with a circle the size of a ball between 23-24 inches (58-61 cm) with a weight of 11-12 oz (312-340 grams).
Ball size 2: used for promotional games
Bula size 1: used for promotional games
- Rule Number of Players Football
The game of football is done by two teams with each team plays 11 players on the field, of 11 players one of which is the goalkeeper. As an important note, if the players in a team less than seven players, the football match can not be started. In a match each team may make substitutions, substitutions for the official FIFA match limited only 3 times a change. At the turn of the national game can do as much as 7 times and could be for a friendly match.
- Conditions of Use Accessories
In a soccer game, the players usually use the attribute although not as much as other types of sports. Attributes that are worn by players such as:
Jersey is clothing made of synthetic materials that can absorb sweat player, this is what distinguishes jersey with regular shirts. Each team must have his own identity, this is what makes a football club has some jersey in a season, this is to prevent the use of the same jersey with another team. There are other regulations regarding the use of color between the two teams that should not be the same, it is easier for players to distinguish between friends and which are enemies.
Socks are also a common accessories worn by the players, in addition to preventing injuries socks as well as a use in the leg shin guards / shinguards. In a football game official, the color of socks in one team must be the same
Players are allowed to use only goalkeeper gloves / goalkeeper, but there are exceptions when the game of football be done in the cold / snowy. Gloves / glove developed in such a way to facilitate and protect the hands from the force of the ball so hard.
These accessories may be used for those who were injured / never suffered an injury to the head. An example is Peter Cech of Chealsea.
The accessories should not be used:
In a football game, there are some accessories that should not be used, including: Earrings, bracelets, necklaces.
Football games should be led by the referee. Field umpire is the court, the person holding the full course of the match, the referee duties include:
Controlling the game with the help of an assistant referee
Ensure that the balls used in accordance with the rules and ensure players comply no.2 rule 4
Served as pangatur time and record all matches
Terminate, suspend or terminate the match, at its discretion for any violation of the rules of football
Terminate, suspend or terminate the match due to interference from outsiders
Stop the game if there are players who suffered severe injuries and need to be taken out of the field. Players are off karen injury must obtain permission from the referee if they want to get back in
- Assistant Referee
Football games should also be assisted by two assistant referees, assistant referees term sometimes called linesman. duties of the assistant referees is to bring the flag to signify the occurrence of offside, the ball came out and the corner kick.
- Duration Football Games
The game of football is done 2 rounds, each round of 45 minutes, the interval between two rounds of no more than 15 minutes. The addition of the duration of the game can occur if there are players who suffered injuries or substitutions.
- The occurrence of Kick Off
Kick off can be carried out under the following conditions:
Started the second half
- Ball Exit
Ball out / out occurs when the ball crossed the goal line or touchline. Ball out also occur because the game was stopped by the referee with a certain reason, for example there is an injury.
- Chick Goals
Goals in a football match occurs when the ball goes into the net with no offside, hands ball, or the offense. Goals can happen in several ways including free kicks, penalties, up to an own goal. All legitimate goal when the referee declared the goal valid.
Offside occurs when if the player is in the area where the opponent when the ball toward the defender he is not there anymore and just dealing with the keeper. Determined by the offside flag raised by the assistant referee. Genesis offside sometimes make the game of football became controversial because sometimes the referee can one determine the occurrence of offside. Players are not charged if the offside when the ball is fed by his friends when he was still in a position opposing defender escorted.
- The occurrence of Abuse
Violation occurred because a lot of things including a hard tackle, hands ball, etc. Violations can result in two types of cards namely a red card and a yellow card. Players who receive a red card means must leave the field, while those who received a yellow card was a stern warning, if it gets 2 yellow valve automatically the players also get a red karu which means also had to leave the pitch. In a league acquisition will be accumulated yellow cards and if the accumulation of yellow cards three times in the same competition, the players can not play one match in the competition.
- The occurrence of Free Kick
In the game of football rules, free kick can be done in the area where the pelanggarang. Free kick can be done directly or indirectly. Direct free kick is a direct kick towards goal, while the indirect kick is a kick is passed to the team beforehand.
- The occurrence Penalty
Penalty happens because of the violation that was done against the opposing team in the penalty box. Violations can occur because of a hands ball or dropping the opponent on purpose. Position penalty is a goalkeeper in front of the goal line, one kicker with the ball placed on the circle position penalty kick and the other players must be outside the box and are behind the ball.
- Throw into (throw-in)
Throws the ball into the result from left field, I’ve never wrote down how to throw a good and true. Throws made by the opposing team, for example, you are issued a ball then the opposing team is entitled to make the throw. The throw into the opponent could be disallowed by the referee when throwing the ball the wrong way and throw quite a lot of time.
- Kick Hurdles
Soccer rules require that the referee ruled a goal kick when the ball leaves the field through the goal line and not go into the net, the ball came out also to be of a kick or a header from the opposing team.
- The corner kick
Corner kick is done in a corner kick the ball out of the field because the field over the goal line with the provisions of your team that last touched the ball. If the ball out to the right of the goal, then made a corner kick in the right hand corner of the field. If the ball out to the left of the goal, then made a corner kick left corner of the goal.
That was 17 rules of the game of football you need to master to become a reliable football player. After mastering the rules of football is you can start practicing basic techniques of playing football. Always practiced yes … who knows you could be the successor generation Indonesian football champion and the name of Indonesia in the world arena.